Formal archaeological studies of Bahrain did not begin until the 19th century, when a shoe-shaped inscription was discovered in Bilad Al-Qadim in 1879 which established links between ancient Bahrain and Mesopotamia. In 1953, a Danish archaeological expedition made ground-breaking discoveries in Barbar and Qal’at Al-Bahrain which confirm Bahrain’s historical significance and its identification with Dilmun.
Over the past decades, local and international teams have undertaken major archaeological work across Bahrain and excavated prehistoric sites, Dilmun settlements, burial sites, temples, Tylos cemeteries, and Islamic sites.
Below are some of Bahrain’s most important archaeological sites:
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Content Last Updated: 26 Feb, 2023