Personal data protection refers to the safeguarding of individuals’ private information, especially from cyberthreats.
The Personal Data Protection Law (PDF, 305KB, 40 pages, Arabic only), announced in July 2018 , sets a legal framework that determines how the information of individuals should be accessed and used. It is designed to maintain public confidence in the security of their personal information when it is in the possession of companies and organisations. The law, which came into effect in 2019, ensures that this information is managed in a sensitive, advanced, and secure manner.
In line with the Kingdom’s commitment to setting legal frameworks to regulate its cybersecurity and information security activities, the Government has introduced several related laws and legislations, including:
The Ministry of Justice, Islamic Affairs and Waqf was appointed to carry out the tasks of the Personal Data Protection Authority (PDPA) as per Cabinet Decision No. (78) of 2020.
This refers to information of any kind that belongs to an identified person, or one that can be directly or indirectly identified. It is considered personal data in accordance with the law. Therefore any statement that can lead to the identification of an individual, such as their names, ID or passport numbers, phone numbers, membership numbers in any organisation, personal photos or copies of documents related to their personal lives or jobs, bank details, or email addresses are considered personal data protected by the law.
Anyone responsible for receiving and managing personal details (data processing) is considered a data manager and is responsible for following the law with regards to receiving and managing the data. Any entity or company that receives personal data of its customers must process it in accordance with personal data protection legal standards.
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Content Last Updated: 22 Aug, 2023