Manufacturing and Natural Resources

Manufacturing and Natural Resources in Bahrain.

Are You Ready to Explore Bahrain's Manufacturing and Natural Resources? Discover the importance of the landscape of manufacturing industries and natural resources that drive economic growth and innovation in the Kingdom of Bahrain. From thriving manufacturing sectors to sustainable resource utilization, Bahrain is a hub of industrial excellence.

Bahrain Island: The Enchanting Heart of the Arabian Gulf

In the heart of the Arabian Gulf, the Kingdom of Bahrain is a captivating archipelago of 33 islands. Bahrain Island covers 80% of the entire 770 square kilometers. The majority of Bahrain Island is characterized by rocky limestone terrain adorned with dry sand dunes. The country’s natural resources include oil, natural gas, and fishing, with oil being a pivotal discovery in 1932.

The Kingdom‘s industrial vision focuses on achieving a sustainable, balanced and integrated industrial development and a clear vision of the free economy and, with the full participation of the private sector, provide quality job opportunities and indigenize advanced industrial technology.

Refinery operations commenced in 1936, and as of the close of 2012, proven oil reserves stood at 120 million barrels, constituting 0.02% of Arab oil reserves and 0.01% of global reserves. Additionally, natural gas reserves were estimated at 92 billion cubic meters, comprising 0.17% of Arab reserves and 0.05% of global reserves.

Bahrain is actively expanding its energy exploration efforts and bolstering the production of oil, gas, and petrochemicals through various entities, prominently Bapco Refining, which was established in 1929.

In 1968, attracted by the availability of natural gas, foreign investors selected Bahrain as the site to build a smelter for aluminum production. Consequently, the Aluminum Bahrain Company (Alba) was founded in August 1968, establishing the Bahrain Aluminum Factory as one of the world's largest smelters.

Presently, the Kingdom of Bahrain serves as an optimal hub for global transport and logistics companies seeking to establish or expand their footprint in the GCC countries. Supported by a well-developed and interconnected transport infrastructure, Bahrain facilitates easy access to the GCC markets via air, land, or sea.

The Industrial Services System website provides several services to the factory owners, such as Industrial license amendments, Industrial registration for existing and newly operated factories and Duty exemption for the existing and new factories for industry inputs (types of machinery, equipment, raw materials and spare parts) through easy processes.


Use the provided eServices immediately, effortlessly, and around the clock Go to eServices Portal.

Government Services Catalogue

Find information about the offered government services across different channels Browse Services Catalogue.

As we navigate through the digital age, Bahrain confirms its commitment to transparency and innovation through the Open Data initiative through Bahrain’s Open Data Portal. This platform is a testament to our dedication to making government data openly available, supporting the principles of accountability and enabling informed decision-making. By providing access to a treasure trove of data, we empower everyone to explore, analyze, and create solutions that drive social and economic progress. The initiative underscores our belief in the power of data to transform lives, foster a culture of knowledge-sharing, and stimulate growth.

We encourage you to leverage this valuable resource, sparking innovation and contributing to the Kingdom’s development. For an enriching journey into the world of Open Data, and to explore the possibilities, visit Bahrain’s Open Data Portal

Together, let's embrace the opportunity to contribute to Bahrain's digital evolution and ensure that our journey towards national development is a shared endeavor. 

As part of the Kingdom of Bahrain’s unwavering commitment to fostering digital participation, you are invited to explore the available participation topics. Your engagement and contributions are crucial in shaping the digital landscape of the Kingdom of Bahrain, reflecting our collective vision for a future built on the principles of innovation, inclusivity, and progress. Explore more on how you can actively participate in discussions, share your insights, and collaborate on initiatives that are at the heart of our nation's growth.

For a broader exploration of topics and to join the conversation, please visit eParticipation.  

Content Last Updated: 26 Jun, 2024

Go to top
Chat Icon
Complementary Content