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The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED)

In an aim to put a stop to and prevent any further damage, Bahrain was then dedicated to resolve the issue progressively. In June 1992, the Kingdom of Bahrain participated in the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) which was held in Rio de Janeiro in Brazil at that time. The conference highlighted the necessity of linking sustainable development with the conservation of the environment. Moreover, to show its commitment to the cause of environmental protection, Bahrain has decided to incorporate Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) to solve the problems of pollution and possible environmental degradation.

Overall, Bahrain’s Environmental policies can be considered to fall into the following principals which were put into action to control the rising environmental issue:

  • The Precautionary principle
  • The “polluter-pay” principle
  • The sustainability concept
  • The concept of shared responsibility

Steps were needed in order to have the cooperation of not only governmental entities, but also to encourage citizens and residents to take part in conserving their environment as well. For that, Bahrain took action in educating people and raising their awareness about environmental issues; this was considered to be one of the most powerful attributes which aimed to encourage the concept of shared responsibility. In order for that to happen, Bahrain organized multiple conferences gatherings discussing environmental issues in Bahrain with an intention to educate its citizens; especially the younger generation, about the situation of the environment in Bahrain, and providing possible methodologies on how to control and prevent environment issues from escalating. As for the “polluter-pay” principle, Bahrain has already started to fine individuals if they were found littering on the streets or public areas.

As another step in preserving our environment, Bahrain adopted the concept of waste management. Waste management enabled a solution for the disposal of waste in an environment friendly manner by the use of appropriate technology. This step also helped and will help in the future in conserving the resources available in the country as well as lessen the potential negative impact of accumulated waste and put it to better use. By pursuing this method, existing environmental damage can be significantly reduced and rehabilitated.

Bahrain-United States Free Trade Agreement

The prominent goal of the Bahrain-United States Free Trade Agreement is to show the commitment of both parties concerning environmental protection, which includes:

  • Sustainable well enforced environmental laws.
  • Making sure that these laws provide a high level of environmental protection.
  • Commitments to offer procedural guarantees that ensure fair, reasonable, and transparent proceedings for the administration and enforcement of environmental laws.
  • Encouraging the development of voluntary measures for achieving and maintaining high levels of environmental protection.

Furthermore, as a complement to the agreement, the Government of the Kingdom of Bahrain and the Government of the United States signed a Memorandum of Understanding on Environmental Cooperation which incorporates the following actions:

  • Developing a plan of action.
  • Setting priorities for future environment related projects.
  • Provides enhanced cooperation in environmental protection and the promotion of the highest standards in environmental regulations.

As for the points listed below, they reflect the priorities for environmental cooperation between the Kingdom of Bahrain and the United States:

  • Environmental Laws and Regulations
  • Environmental Impact Assessments
  • Environmental Incentives/Voluntary Programs
  • Air Quality
  • Public Participation in Environmental Protection
  • Protection of Water Resources
  • Coastal Protection and Preservation of Marine Resources
  • Protection of Endangered Species
  • Environmental Technology and Business

For more Details about the “Bahrain-United States Free Trade Agreement” please visit this page  (PDF, 27.0KB, 2 pages).

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Page Last Updated: 03 May, 2017