Bab Al-Bahrain

About Bahrain Listen to this page using ReadSpeaker

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National Day

December 16th

Independence Day

August 15, 1971
(from the United Kingdom)


Constitutional monarchy


The National Council is composed of the Council of Representatives and the Shura Council.


Total population: 1,504,365

Bahrainis: 719,333 (47.8%)

Non-Bahrainis: 785,032 (52.2%)

Male: 61.5%

Female: 38.5%

According to 2021 statistics. 

Location/ Area Size

Arabian Gulf.

Total area of the Kingdom of Bahrain: 8,269 square kilometres

Land area: 786.5 square kilometres

Territorial water area: 7,482.5 square kilometres

According to 2021 statistics.




Bahrain is divided into four governorates - the Capital , Muharraq, Northern and Southern .


Arabic is the official language, while the English is the also one of the common languages used in the business sector.


Islam is the official religion of the Kingdom and is embraced by the vast majority, and places of worship for followers of other religions are also available within the Kingdom.


Bahraini Dinar BHD (Officially linked to the Dollar)

State Budget

Bahrain fiscal budget is planned for two years.

Fixed Exchange Rate

1 Bahraini Dinar = 2.65 US Dollars

Business Hours

Work schedules in most Government Entities
07:00 - 14:15 (Sunday to Thursday)

Banking and financial institutions & Private sector
Regular working hours for retail baking are from 07:30 AM - 01:00 PM  (Sunday to Thursday).
Working hours in the evening vary depending on the bank or entity.

Post Offices
Post offices are available within different regions of the Kingdom, and their working hours start from 07:00 - 02:00 (Saturday to Thursday)
To view the working times for all post offices and public mailboxes, please visit Bahrain Post Services.

Shopping Centers
Shopping Centers operating times vary, but the Malls working hours are often between 10:00 am - 10:00 pm throughout the week.
Some retail shops and shopping centers are closed on Fridays, and reopen after Friday prayers.

Official holidays

Weekly holidays: Friday and Saturday

New year: 1 January

Labour day: 1 May

Eid Alfitr *: 1, 2, 3 Shawwal (21, 22, 23 April 2023)

Arafat day*: 9 Dhu al-Hijjah (27 June 2023)

Eid Aladha *: 10, 11, 12   Dhu al-Hijjah (28, 29, 30 June 2023)

Hijri new year*: 1 Muharram (19 July 2023)

Ashoora *: 9, 10 Muharram (27, 28 July 2023)

Prophet’s birthday*: 12 Rabi Al-Awwal (27 September 2023)

National Day: 16 & 17 December


*Islamic holidays are subject to confirmation at the time


Ministry of Justice, Islamic Affairs and Waqf

Time zone

3 hours ahead of GMT (GMT+3)

Country Dialing Code


Internet Code



Buses  are available as a means of public transportation. To view the Public Bus Schedule and Route Information, please visit the following link.

Taxis are also widely available within the Kingdom.



Average temperature 28.5°Celisus

The amount of precipitation is 13.4 mm

Average relative humidity 55%

Average hours of sunshine 10.4 hours/day

Average wind speed is 8.8 knots

Meteorogical Directorate 

Facts & Figures


Total area of the Kingdom of Bahrain: 8,269 Km2

Land area: 786.5 Km2

Territorial water area: 7,482.5 Km2

 Geographical Coordinates

The Kingdom of Bahrain is located on:

Longitude: 50° 20 , 50° 50 East

Latitude: 25° 32 and 26° 20 North


The total number of population is 1,504,365. Bahrainis are 719,333 (47.8%) while Non-Bahrainis are 785,032 (52.2%) according to 2021 statistics.

 Population Density

The population density in the Kingdom of Bahrain is1912.73 people/square kilometer. The population density in the kingdom's governorates are:

Capital governorate population density is 6,824.93  people/square kilometer

Muharraq governorate population density is 3,594.84 people/square kilometer

Northern governorate population density is 2,724.76  people/square kilometer

Southern governorate population density is 624.59 people/square kilometer


The total number of births is18,042 live births, according to 2020 statistics.


The total number of number of deaths was 3,488 deaths, according to 2020 statistics.

 State Budget

Bahrain fiscal budget is planned for two years. The latest budget is for 2021 - 2022.  Details

 Gross domestic product (GDP) at Purchasers’ Prices

Current: 34.7 billion US dollars, growth  -10.2% (2020)

Constant: 32.8 billion US dollars, growth  -4.9% (2020)

 Gross domestic product (GDP) at constant prices at Purchasers’ Prices

BD 12,350.05 million (2020)

 Foreign Direct Investment

According to 2021 statistics, the balances of foreign direct investment imports is 12,585 million Bahraini Dinars, and the Inflows of foreign direct investment imports is 663.96 million Bahraini Dinars. 

 Money and Banking

The number of banks and financial institutions is 363, according to 2022 statistics.

 Foreign Trade

The estimated value of exports is BD 4,673,043,815 while the estimated value of imports is BD 5,315,807,652 according to 2021 statistics.

local_gas_station Oil and Gas

“Bahrain” oilfield production of crude oil is 15,544 barrels, while “Abu Sa’afa” field product  54,897 bbl. Gas production is 921,293 million feet3, according to 2021 statistics.

people Labour Force

The registered number of workers in public sector is 57,281 and registered number of workers in private sector is 563,094. The unemployment rate was 4.7%, according to 2021 statistics. 

ev_station Electricity and Water

The consumed electrical energy in the agricultural sector is 64 GWh, in the industrial sector is 2,891 GWh, while in the commercial sector is 6,487 GWh, and in the domestic sector is 8,577 GWh according to 2021 statistics.

 Transport & Communications

The number of registered vehicles is 761,982. The number of accidents is 613, according to 2021 statistics. 


According to 2021 statistics, the number of visitors to the Kingdom of Bahrain reached 3.6 million visitors with an accommodation rate of 3.7 nights per person and the number of tourist nights reached 8.1 million nights. The average daily expenditure for a visitor is 75 BD, and the total inbound tourism revenues is 709 million BD.


The number of students enrolled in the public and private schools is 208,487 students divided into 211 public schools and 71 private schools, according to 2018 statistics.


The literacy rate among the age group (15-24 years) is 99.39%, and the literacy rate among the age group (65 years and over) is 79.02%, according to 2019/2020 statistics.

 Health Services

According to 2021 statistics. The number of hospitals and health units is 57, including 9 governmental hospitals staffed by 2,392 doctors (Physicians  & Dentists). 27 governmental health centers and 21 private hospitals staffed by 2,977 doctors (Physicians  & Dentists ).


The number of fixed telephone lines is 225,756  while the number of mobile phone lines is 2,070,710 line. The number of subscribers to Internet services is 2,160,152 subscribers, according to 2019 statistics.


The total value of fish is 23,195 metric tons, with an estimated consuming rate of fish reached 0.02 grams per day, for each person, according to 2020 statistics.

Promoting a Spirit of Belonging among the Nation

Together we create the future by promoting a spirit of belonging among the nation and reinforcing the values of citizenship.

HM King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa’s vision is based on a connection between national loyalty and a sense of belonging to the country as a concept, and the importance of preserving national pillars that reinforce citizenship values and commit to a shared identity as represented by values, customs, traditions, and heritage. HM the King’s vision guides the present towards a future that meets the aspirations for a decent life and comprehensive progress across all fields.

The National Plan to Promote the Spirit of Belonging to the Nation and Reinforce the Values of Citizenship (Bahrainouna)

The National Plan to Promote the Spirit of Belonging to the Nation and Reinforce the Values of Citizenship (Bahrainouna) is built on unifying the work of various public and private organizations with the goal of incorporating it within a strategy that focuses their efforts and measures their impact. The plan includes an analysis of challenges and objectives, and aims to strengthen Bahraini roots and the Bahraini identity, in addition to identifying shared responsibilities. These topics form the foundation upon which Bahrainouna can formulate programs and strategies.

Bahrainouna includes several initiatives in essential fields: Programs on ‘belonging’, public relations campaigns, media, curriculums, legislation, and regulations. This is in addition to national performance indicators that measure shifts in citizens’ attitudes towards national belonging and citizenship values, as well as the effectiveness of implementing these initiatives and their social impact.

In March 2022, the Bahrain Flag Guide was published by the Bahrainouna Executive Office. It includes protocols related to the flag, such as its uses, the national anthem, a set of rules and guidelines about the official use of the flag in various events, and other related information.

Page Last Updated: 08 Sep, 2022