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equality and leaving no one behind

The Post-2015 Sustainable Development Agenda has focused on reducing inequalities and leaving no one behind.

In the Kingdom of Bahrain, we always keen to promote the value of religious tolerance, peaceful coexistence and combat all forms of discrimination within the Bahraini society and among all segments of the population.

Bahrain strictly stands against all forms of discrimination such as gender, racial, color, language, political, sectarian and ethnic discrimination as well as renounces all forms of violence and hatred. We are all equal under the rule of law.

Respecting human rights are essential for achieving sustainable development. The Kingdom of Bahrain reaffirms its responsibilities to respect, protect and promote human rights. This is reflected in the Constitution   of the Kingdom of Bahrain and the National Action Charter  , which enriched the cultural heritage of the Kingdom and affirmed the rule of law, the integrity of justice and its independence as a basis for governance in the Kingdom of Bahrain.

Supreme Council for Women (SCW)   has been established to empower the women and reinforce equal opportunities in all aspects of practical and social life. SCW is the backbone for any women against violence and discrimination in the Bahraini community  .

Women's political rights have been a cornerstone of the political reforms initiated by His Majesty King Hamad with, women being given the right for the first time to vote and stand as candidates in national elections with an amendment to the constitution in 2002. The extension of equal political rights has been accompanied by a self-conscious drive to promote women to positions of authority within the government.

The Supreme Council for Women   under the leadership of Her Highness Shaikha Sabeeka bint Ibrahim bin Mohammed Al-Khalifa, Spouse of HM King Hamad bin Isa Al-Khalifa, King of Bahrain, Chairwoman of the Supreme Council for Women, continues to push boundaries for the protection and advancement of women. The Council's efforts have been demonstrably recognised regionally and internationally. HM The King set up the Supreme Council for Women in 2001 to develop the role of women in Bahrain.

The progress made in the position of women has been echoed in other sectors of Bahraini society and internationally where democracy is being emphasised first and foremost. Bahrain’s successful reform programme stands out as a model for other regimes in the region.

The council has been keen to ensure that women are economically independent by developing new plans to set up a comprehensive training centre for women, which will provide Bahraini women with the necessary skills and expertise to develop their own handicrafts and service industries. The council has extended its facilities by setting up offices in all four governorates, as well as at the council premises, to receive feedback on any grievances and complaints.

In 2004, Bahrain appointed its first woman minister, and in 2005 a second woman minister was appointed to the cabinet. In April 2005, Shura member Alice Samaan became the first woman to chair a parliamentary session in the Arab world when she chaired the Shura Council.

In June 2006, Bahrain was elected head of the United Nations General Assembly, and used the honor to appoint Haya bint Rashid Al Khalifa as the Assembly's President, making her the first Middle Eastern woman, and only the third woman in history, to hold this post.

Bahrain has an integrated system and many key players to combat discrimination such as Ombudsman  , Prisoner and Detainees Rights Commission, Special Investigation Unit in Ministry of Interior, an independent Inspector-General of the Ministry of the Interior, National Institute for Human Rights  , Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry  , Bahrain Institute for Political Development   and Ministry of Labour and Social Development  , and Bahrain National Anti-Human Trafficking Committee .

The Kingdom of Bahrain has been upgraded to Tier 1 status in 2018 Trafficking in Person report  . It is the 1st country in the region to achieve Tier 1 recognized alongside the UK, US and Germany as being fully compliant with the Trafficking Victims Protection Act’s (TVPA) minimum standards.

The Kingdom of Bahrain is a signatory to several regional and international conventions, including the Arab Charter on Human Rights and the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.

Bahrain has implemented educational initiatives and programs to promote the values ??of religious tolerance, national unity and peaceful coexistence among all religions, sects, cultures, and civilizations, and criminalize inciting hatred, sectarianism, violence, and terrorism in various media and religious platforms.

The Kingdom is considered one of the leading countries in guaranteeing the rights of the child through the issuance of Child Law  . In this law, the child’s education, health, work, events, and family custody, treatment and many aspects of the child are protected and addressed.

The National Institution for Human Rights   has launched a Strategic and Action Plan (2019-2021). The strategy includes indicators to measure performance that will ensure that human rights in the Kingdom are followed.

Linkage to the International Legal System

The Kingdom has made great strides in protecting human rights and safeguarding the dignity of citizens and residents under the constitutional and legal frameworks established by the Kingdom and the international conventions and treaties related to human rights, which Bahrain was the first to sign. Among the most international conventions are:



  • The Convention on the Rights of the Child,  adopted by the General Assembly on November 20, 1989, and entered into force on September 2, 1990. The Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography and the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict.





  • Convention No. 105 on the Elimination of Compulsory Labor, which was ratified by the Kingdom of Bahrain in 1998.




  • Convention No. 182 concerning the Worst Forms of Child Labor and the Kingdom's accession thereto in 2001.



  • Decree-Law No. 4 of 1990  on accession to the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide of December 9, 1948
  • Law No. (4) of 2004  approving the Kingdom of Bahrain joining the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the protocols thereto.

The constitutional system  in the Kingdom guarantees the alignment of international conventions with domestic laws. Thus, Bahrain's constitutional system is characterized by "direct access", which provides full guarantees of human rights in the Kingdom.

The Kingdom of Bahrain is striving to achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals  and this can be confirmed by Bahrain’s ranking in the UNDP Human Development Reports that have been published since 1990.

Know Your Rights

Every citizen or resident who believed that they have been subjected to a violation of human rights in the Kingdom of Bahrain can a complaint/inquiry  on the website or the mobile app of the National Institute for Human Rights  or by calling toll free 80001144 or by visiting one of the headquarters of the National Institute for Human Rights 

Page Last Updated: 30 Sep, 2019