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The Post-2015 Sustainable Development Agenda has focused on reducing inequalities and leaving no one behind.

In the Kingdom of Bahrain, we always keen to promote the value of religious tolerance, peaceful coexistence and combat all forms of discrimination within the Bahraini society and among all segments of the population.

Bahrain strictly stands against all forms of discrimination such as gender, racial, color, language, political, sectarian and ethnic discrimination as well as renounces all forms of violence and hatred. We are all equal under the rule of law.

Respecting human rights are essential for achieving sustainable development. The Kingdom of Bahrain reaffirms its responsibilities to respect, protect and promote human rights. This is reflected in the Constitution  of the Kingdom of Bahrain and the National Action Charter , which enriched the cultural heritage of the Kingdom and affirmed the rule of law, the integrity of justice and its independence as a basis for governance in the Kingdom of Bahrain.

Supreme Council for Women (SCW)  has been established to empower the women and reinforce equal opportunities in all aspects of practical and social life. SCW is the backbone for any women against violence and discrimination in the Bahraini community .

Bahrain has an integrated system and many key players to combat discrimination such as Ombudsman , Prisoner and Detainees Rights Commission, Special Investigation Unit in Ministry of Interior, an independent Inspector-General of the Ministry of the Interior, National Institute for Human Rights , Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry , Bahrain Institute for Political Development  and Ministry of Labour and Social Development , and Bahrain National Anti-Human Trafficking Committee .

The Kingdom of Bahrain has been upgraded to Tier 1 status in 2018 Trafficking in Person report . It is the 1st country in the region to achieve Tier 1 recognized alongside the UK, US and Germany as being fully compliant with the Trafficking Victims Protection Act’s (TVPA) minimum standards.

The Kingdom of Bahrain is a signatory to several regional and international conventions, including the Arab Charter on Human Rights and the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.

Bahrain has implemented educational initiatives and programs to promote the values ​​of religious tolerance, national unity and peaceful coexistence among all religions, sects, cultures, and civilizations, and criminalize inciting hatred, sectarianism, violence, and terrorism in various media and religious platforms.

The Kingdom is considered one of the leading countries in guaranteeing the rights of the child through the issuance of Child Law. In this law, the child’s education, health, work, events, and family custody, treatment and many aspects of the child are protected and addressed.

The National Institution for Human Rights  has launched a Strategic and Action Plan (2019-2021). The strategy includes indicators to measure performance that will ensure that human rights in the Kingdom are followed.

Linkage to the International Legal System

The Kingdom has made great strides in protecting human rights and safeguarding the dignity of citizens and residents under the constitutional and legal frameworks established by the Kingdom and the international conventions and treaties related to human rights, which Bahrain was the first to sign. Among the most international conventions are:



  • The Convention on the Rights of the Child, adopted by the General Assembly on November 20, 1989, and entered into force on September 2, 1990. The Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography and the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict.




  • The Arab Charter on Human Rights issued by the Arab League in 1997 and then introduced some development in 2005. The Kingdom of Bahrain signed this Charter in 2005 and was ratified in 2006.


  • Convention No. 105 on the Elimination of Compulsory Labor, which was ratified by the Kingdom of Bahrain in 1998.




  • Convention No. 182 concerning the Worst Forms of Child Labor and the Kingdom's accession thereto in 2001.




The constitutional system  in the Kingdom guarantees the alignment of international conventions with domestic laws. Thus, Bahrain's constitutional system is characterized by "direct access", which provides full guarantees of human rights in the Kingdom.

The Kingdom of Bahrain is striving to achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals  and this can be confirmed by Bahrain’s ranking in the UNDP Human Development Reports that have been published since 1990.

Know Your Rights

Every citizen or resident who believed that they have been subjected to a violation of human rights in the Kingdom of Bahrain can a complaint/inquiry  on the website or the mobile app of the National Institute for Human Rights  or by calling toll free 80001144 or by visiting one of the headquarters of the National Institute for Human Rights .

Page Last Updated: 21 Apr, 2021