About Bahrain Listen to this page using ReadSpeaker

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National Day

December 16th

Independence Day

August 15, 1971
(from the United Kingdom)


Constitutional monarchy


The National Council is composed of the Council of Representatives  and the Shura Council .


Total: 1,501,611
Bahraini: 677,506 (45%)
Non-Bahraini: 823,610 (55%)

Location/ Area Size

Arabian Gulf, 779.95 Square Kilometers




Bahrain is split into four governorates - the Capital , Muharraq, Northern  and Southern 


Arabic, While the English as an official language is used in the business sector.


Islam is the official religion of the kingdom and embrace the vast majority, and there are places of worship for the followers of other religions.


Bahraini Dinar (Officially linked to the dollar)

State Budget

Bahrain fiscal budget  is planned for two years.

Fixed Exchange Rate

1 Bahraini Dinar = 2.65 US Dollars

Business Hours

Work schedules in government agencies
07:00 - 14:15 (Sunday to Thursday)

Banking and financial institutions , private sector
07:30 - 13:00 is the normal working hours (Sunday to Thursday)
And rely working hours in the evening on the bank or institution

Main post office 
(Manama, Bahrain, near the door) - 07:00 - 19:30 (Saturday to Thursday)
For the times of post offices and public funds

Shopping centers
Working hours are different, but they are often between 08: 30-12: 30 and 16: 00-20: 00 (Saturday to Thursday)
Many of the shops are open for a half day or all day on Friday

Official holidays

Weekly holidays: Friday and Saturday

New year: 1 January

Labour day: 1 May

Eid Alfitr *: 1, 2, 3 Shawwal (24, 25, 26 May)

Arafat day*: 9 Dhu al-Hijjah (30 July)

Eid Aladha *: 10, 11, 12   Dhu al-Hijjah (31 July & 1, 2 August)

Hijri new year*: 1 Muharram (20 August)

Ashoora *: 9, 10 Muharram (28, 29 August)

Prophet’s birthday*: 12 Rabi al-awwal (29 October)

National Day: 16 & 17 December


*Islamic holidays are subject to confirmation at the time


Legislation & Legal Opinion Commission  (Arabic only)

Time zone

3 hours ahead of GMT (GMT+3)

Country Dialing Code


Internet Code

example: www.domainName.bh


Buses  for public transport are available in addition to taxis 


July-September, very hot and humid (Avg. 36°C). 
December to February;cool or mild with occasional rain (10°C - 20°C). 
Remaining Months:
March to May and October to November; warm with occasional pleasant breezes (20°C - 30°C). 


Facts & Figures


The total area of the Kingdom of Bahrain is 779.95 Km2.   Details


The total number of population is 1,501,611. Citizens are 677,506 while residents are 823,610 according to 2017 statistics.   Details

 State Budget

Bahrain fiscal budget is planned for two years. The latest budget is for 2017 - 2018.  Details

 Financial Sector

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) (current) US dollars 31.1 billion (2015)
Growth - 6.8% (2015)
GDP (Constant) US dollars 30.8 billion (2015)
Growth - 2.9% (2015)

 Production and Prices

Estimated GDP at constant prices is BD 11,262.08 million, according to 2015 statistics.   Details

 Money and Banking

The number of banks and financial institutions is 404.   Details

 Foreign Trade

The estimated value of exports is BD 4,932.65 while the estimated value of imports is BD 6,182.55 according to 2015 statistics.   Details

local_gas_station Oil and Gas

“Bahrain” oilfield production of crude oil is 18,462 barrels, while “Abu Sa’afa” field product  55,077 bbl. Gas production is 751,615 million feet3, according to 2015 statistics.   Details

people Labour Force

The registered number of workers in public and private sector is 588,924 . The unemployment rate was 3.7%, according to 2014 statistics.   Details

ev_station Electricity and Water

The consumed electrical energy in the agricultural sector is 51.54 GWh, in the industrial sector is 2,017.29 GWh, while in the commercial sector is 4,854.56 GWh, and in the domestic sector is 6,426.25 GWh.   Details

 Transport & Communications

The number of registered vehicles is 726,812. The number of accidents is 111,610, according to 2017 statistics.   Details

 Culture, Information & Tourism

In 2014, the number of visitors to the Kingdom of Bahrain reached 263,922 visitors with an accommodation rate of 2.5 nights per person.   Details


The number of students enrolled in the public and private schools is 189,244 students divided into 206 public schools and 73 private schools.   Details

 Health Services

The number of hospitals and health units is 53, including 6 governmental hospitals staffed by 3,324 doctors, 28 governmental health center and 18 private hospitals, in addition to governmental maternity hospital.   Details


The number of fixed telephone lines is 244,188  while the number of mobile phone lines is 2,328,994 line. The number of subscribers to Internet services is 1,870,451 subscribers, according to 2014 statistics.   Details


The total value of fish is 12,215 metric tons, with an estimated consuming rate of fish reached 0.01 grams per day, for each person, according to 2015 statistics.   Details


The production of vegetables in 2015 was around 14,572 tons of vegetables.   Details


Bahrain has been one of the Gulf’s most important commercial crossroads for over 4,000 years. The word Bahrain means ‘two seas’ in Arabic, indicating how the country’s geographic position is a collection of islands and has been important throughout its history.

As the land of the ancient Dilmun civilization, Bahrain has long been a trading centre linking the East and the West. The country has benefited from its position at the centre of the Gulf’s trade routes and rich pearl diving industry. Visitors of the Kingdom of Bahrain may learn about the antiquates of this civilization by visiting the Bahrain National Museum .

  By the Mid-19th Century, the country was the Gulf’s pre-eminent trade hub, emerging as a modern state. Merchants from countries across the Gulf and beyond established themselves on the islands. Bahrain was the first Gulf state to discover oil, in 1932, and in the past 40 years has led the regional transition to a modern economy. Subsequently, as the first Gulf state to move away from dependence on oil, the Kingdom has become the region’s most diversified economy. In particular, the country has become the region’s leading financial centre since the 1980s. Since then; manufacturing, logistics, communications, professional services and real estates have also become vital sectors. Throughout this period, great care have been given to build-up the skills and talents of the Bahraini people.  In 2002, Bahrain became a constitutional monarchy, and a democratically elected Parliament was established. This marked the beginning of a period of on-going reformation. Moreover, the Kingdom has an established legal framework and a respected regulatory system.

Bahrain Economic Development Board 


Bahrain has grown successfully over the past 10 years, due its liberal economic policies, and the clear roadmap that aim to achieve prosperity for the society. The country’s annual real GDP growth ranged between 2.1% and 8.3% over the period.
The international credit rating agency Standard & Poors (S&P) affirmed a credit rating of BBB/A-2 for Bahrain with a stable outlook, supported by the positive developments that have been achieved over the past two years. The pace of economic activities which were reflected on public finances and increased government expenditures to contribute positively in achieving strong growth rates in all main sectors such as infrastructure, housing, health and education, recording 3.7% in 2012. 
Oil, gas, manufacturing industries and the financial sector had recorded a good growth during this period, which helped the continued growth.

More about Bahrain's economy


Bahrain is an attractive destination for expat families as it possesses a multi-cultural, multi-ethnic and multi-denominational society. It also holds a low cost of living, high-quality healthcare, and excellent education facilities that offer a diversity of international curriculums.

An archipelago of 33 islands, the Kingdom is a cosmopolitan capital city, an attractive liberal lifestyle with a rich history and culture - from historical monuments such as AlKhamis Mosque that dates back to 692 A.D. to one of the most modern Formula One race-tracks in the World at the Bahrain International Circuit. 

By sea; the variety is immense with the sailing, dolphin watch, fish, scuba diving or kite surfing. On land; gyms, horse riding stables and sport clubs including rugby, tennis, soccer, cricket and basketball courts. Furthermore, the Royal Golf Club - designed by international champion Colin Montgomerie - is a particular attraction. Sport facilities are world-class in Bahrain as it is the home of Formula One in the Gulf, when it became the first Middle Eastern country to host a Grand Prix in 2004, and when hosting the season’s opening race in 2010.

Cultural Questions: 

Do I need to speak Arabic?
No, although learning a few Arabic words would be helpful. English is the main business language and is commonly spoken in the streets of Bahrain, all retail stores as well as service spots. 

Is there much crime?
No, the crime rate is low and violent crimes are rare. 

Must women follow a dress code?
No, women can dress as they wish; however, it is respectful to dress modestly in public. 

Is Bahrain a conservative place?
Bahrain is known in the Gulf for being open and tolerant. Bahraini men and women socialize and congregate at local cafes as well as restaurants. Expatriates mix with Bahraini nationals across all social settings; leading people from all over the Gulf to visit the Kingdom for the purpose of relaxation and enjoyment. 

Should I be aware of any food and beverage restrictions?
Although Muslim Bahrainis generally do not eat pork or drink alcohol; supermarkets sell pork and consumers can buy alcohol from licensed stores, hotels and restaurants. 

Just how hot does it get?
The average temperature during summer is 37°C - 40°C — however, most outdoor locations have shades and buildings which are climate controlled. Temperatures are milder between October and May. 

Can I play sport?
Sport is a major cultural pastime in Bahrain, with facilities including diving, golf, horse riding, rugby, tennis, sailing, soccer, cricket and basketball. Private resorts and clubs have beaches and pools for men and women to swim. 


Bahrain Economic Development Board


Page Last Updated: 04 Dec، 2019