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Environment and nature

Efforts taken by the Kingdom of Bahrain to protect the environment and achieve its Sustainable Development Goals.


Climate change is affecting every country on every continent, disrupting national economies, and affecting lives. Weather patterns are changing, sea levels are rising, and weather events are becoming more extreme. However, it is not too late to avoid or limit some of the worst effects of climate change.

Bahrain is committed to protecting the environment and preserving natural resources while pursuing its ambitious national development agenda. The Kingdom has made significant progress in these areas, incorporating the Sustainable Development Goals 2030 (SDGs) set by the United Nations General Assembly into its Government Action Plan and Economic Vision 2030.

Sustainability is one of three principles guiding Bahrain’s Economic Vision 2030, which focuses on a range of issues, including the environment, sustainable resource management, urban development, water and energy, transport, urban growth, waste management, marine conservation, and biodiversity, among others.

The Kingdom has established many governmental institutions, organizations, and committees to develop programs, policies, and strategies to achieve sustainability in its various dimensions. It has also enacted several laws and regulations related to the achievement of sustainable development.

Bahrain has also signed multilateral agreements related to sustainability and continues to meet its commitments to them, despite the challenges facing the global community in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Kingdom has implemented a range of other initiatives to support the protection and preservation of the environment. For further information, please visit the following links:

The Kingdom of Bahrain has many specialised organisations operating in recycling and reusing waste. Some of the examples are: Alfa Express Co , Falcon Factory , Bahrain Contract Cleaning , Nidukki , Gulf City Cleaning Company , Merc Company , Bahrain Waste Treatment Company, Sphinx Services , Bahrain Recycling Plant,  and others.

Government Action Plan

The Government Action Plan is vital to implement Bahrain’s Economic Vision 2030. It reflects the strategic priorities of the Bahraini Government and focuses on delivering sustainable change in line with the reform project of His Majesty King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa. Since adopting the SDGs in 2015, the Kingdom’s plans have been closely linked to achieving these objectives. Each of its ministries and government agencies have align their government action plan (2019-2022)  objectives, plans, and policies with the SDGs. 

Supreme Council for Environment

The Supreme Council for Environment (SCE) in Bahrain is a government entity in charge of the development of Bahrain’s future strategy for the environment and sustainable development. It also follows up on the implementation of this strategy with relevant ministries, agencies, and institutions. The SCE’s mandate includes protecting Bahrain’s natural habitat and human environment, ensuring the sustainability of its components, and preserving and developing its resources for future generations.

Joint National Committee on Climate Change

Since 2007, the Joint National Committee on Climate Change has overseen all climate issues in Bahrain. Today, the committee is chaired by the Supreme Council for Environment and includes members from the National Oil and Gas Authority, the Ministry of Industry and Commerce, the Ministry of Electricity and Water, the Ministry of Transportation, Civil Aviation Affairs, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Bahrain Economic Development Board.

The committee discusses and takes decisions on all activities, projects, and programs related to climate change in Bahrain, including mitigation and adaptation measures, monitoring, and following up on the latest international developments, forming national positions and submissions to international climate agreements. It also works to ensure balance and integration between climate change commitments with the economic and social needs of Bahrain’s sustainable development.

The Paris Agreement

In 2016, Bahrain joined 174 countries in signing the historic Paris Agreement, a legally binding international treaty on climate change. Its goal is to limit global warming to well below 2, preferably to 1.5 degrees Celsius, compared to pre-industrial levels. To achieve this long-term temperature goal, countries aim to reach global peaking of greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible to achieve a climate neutral world by mid-century. To date, 189 counties have signed the agreement.


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