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Bahrain enjoys an advanced level of health well-being as manifested by its health status indicators. ‘Health-for-all’ objectives were achieved early in the 1990s, where comprehensive health services are provided free-of-charge to the citizens of Bahrain. The Ministry of Health (MOH) offers most services through primary health care centres that are easily accessible and available throughout the Kingdom of Bahrain.

Contagious diseases are contained and are under control in Bahrain as the Kingdom has a very efficient immunization programme. Childhood infectious diseases have been almost eliminated in Bahrain. However, Viral Infections such as Gonococci infections, Syphilis and Viral Hepatitis are on a slight rise. Available data indicate a low prevalence of HIV.

Non-communicable diseases such as Cardiovascular diseases, Diabetes and Cancer are dramatically rising in Bahrain; and represent the leading causes of death in the country.

Performance of the health system has been very impressive with very low pediatric and maternal mortalities. Bahrain has achieved success in health professional resource advancements through the College of Health Sciences which has graduated nurses and allied health professionals, as well as helped in training individuals from other countries. MOH's Medical Equipment Directorate is considered as a World Health Organization (WHO) regional training centre for medical equipment repair and maintenance. Simultaneously, the government has encouraged the privatization of health services.

Primary Health Care

Primary health care is the cornerstone of health care in the Kingdom of Bahrain. 23 health centres are spread in the 4 governorates of Bahrain in which free treatments are provided for all Bahraini citizens, while expatriates pay only seven Bahraini Dinars (BD7) - equivalent to 18 US dollars, per visit.

The health centres provide a range of curative and preventive services which include maternal and child’s health from pregnancy until birth, such as antenatal services, periodic children screening, immunization, postnatal services, family planning services, periodic women services, premarital services and ultrasound examination for pregnant women. Preventive services also include oral health services such as fissure sealant program, fluoride application, educational activities, maternal and child dental services, diabetics, elderly and patients with special needs.

While the curative services include a variety of health problems such as management of chronic diseases, acute illnesses, urgent care, minor surgeries, elderly care, sickle-cell clinics in three health centers, labour services, oral health services and home visits.

Other supportive services such as Physiotherapy services, Diagnostic services, Pharmaceutical and Social services are also provided. Promoted services are offered through health education services in addition to community participation.

Health Institutions

Bahrain is home to some of the leading international hospitals – both private and public, with a growing number of specialists, reputable and regulated healthcare providers, covering services from diabetes to cosmetic surgery; many choosing the Kingdom as the spot for their health operations.

Salmaniya Medical Complex

The Salmaniya Medical Complex is a multi-specialty healthcare facility that provides secondary health care to all citizens and residents of Bahrain, with its Accident and Emergency Department running urgent medical care to the sick and injured.

Inpatient care is provided at the Salmaniya Medical Complex through the admission of patients to any one of the wards based on the patient’s condition and type of disease. A total number of 50 wards with nearly 1,000 beds are available for inpatient care. The wards are separated according to specialty, and further beds are categorized by sex, age and condition or type of disease.

For immediate care patients, they are admitted to an ‘Inpatient Bed’ as an emergency admission,  while patients whose condition does not require immediate admission are wait-listed and admitted at the given time of the appointment requested by the doctor or when a bed is available.

For more information on the Health Care Services in the Kingdom of Bahrain, please visit


Page Last Updated on: 19 March, 2017 

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